Abdallah (1022 - 1045 A.D.), Aftasid, al Mansur, al Mutawakill, Aldea, Aledo, Alfonso I of Aragon, Alfonso III of Castile, Alfonso VI, Almohad, Almoravid, ANARCHY, Badajoz, Berber, Carthage, Duero River, Extremadura, Fernando I, Garcia I, Garcia Sanchez, Guadiana River, Hammudid, Hannibal, HERDSMAN, Hisham, Iberia, Ibn Abdun, Ibn Abi Amir, Ibn Marwan al Jilliqi, Jundi, Merida, Muhammad (1045 - 1068 A.D.), Musaffa, Romans, RULERS, The Abduniyyah, The Cluny, Umar al Aftas, Umar and Yaha (1068 A.D.), Umayyad, Variathus, Vermundo III, Yusuf ibn Tashufin
A heightened religious zeal at the Cluny Abbey resulted in several religious reforms within the Catholic Church. This heightened reform had its apex from 950 A.D. to 1130 A.D.. The abbey at Cluny reached a height of power within the Church second only to the Papacy itself. At least 1,000 Cluniac houses were established throughout Europe. Many Cluniac monks became bishops and served under Pope Gregory VII during this reformist period.
Cluniac zeal diminished in the twelfth-century but not before individual actions started the Church on a militant path.
What were these individual actions that arose during such zeal and who did these actions affect? For complete answers to those questions one might read;
“Order and Exclusion: Cluny and Christendom Face Heresy, Judaism and Islam (1000 – 1150 A.D.)”,
by Dominique Iogna-Prat
[translated from a French version dated 1998].
Tomorrow: “Controlling Heresy“