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As it turns out, some people from the very cold northern and southern climates have to subside on meat to survive. Those in between have enough warm weather to grow crops or gather fruits and seeds from the land. My people were from a northern climate so we herded animals and used them for food, clothing and shelter. We knew not of seeds and cultivating crops.

 

It all started in 1163 by my father; Yezonkai Behadr. If I were you I wouldn’t even attempt to pronounce it. Most of our Mongolian language has no equivalent for English pronunciations; which is the language that Jacob Abbott will write in – – – when he finally gets around to it.

 

As I have said, my people were from a northern climate so we herded animals and used them for food, clothing, shelter and beasts of burden. We raised sheep, horses and camels.

 

The sheep were used for food, clothing and shelter. The camels were used as beasts of burden and the horses for war.

 

I suppose that you are wondering about how we used the sheep for shelter. That is a very good question even if I have proposed it myself.

 

The sheep were shorn, the wool was placed on the earth like a carpet, and then we beat this furry carpet with sticks. It was a tedious job. Beating it broke the clumps of wool into smaller pieces and tended to bind it together. We then sprinkled water on this thinner carpet to help mat it together. After that was completed we rolled it up on a large limb and tied cords around it. The ends of the limb were captured in two loops made at the end of a rope, one on each end. The other end of the rope was tied to a camel or horse whose job it was to pull the rolled up mat around the pastureland; as if it was a large roller. This bumpy ride made the mat thinner and denser. The roll was then unrolled and left to dry.

 felt-making-in-mongolia

 

We called this flat “carpet-like” item ‘мэдэрсэн’ or ‘yep’, you call it ‘felt’.

 

It became the covering, over sticks, that made our homes – – – and our carpets.

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Tomorrow’s Post;  #4   Yurts; portable housing.

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